SolarSystem UVB - Data Sheet
● Power consumption (watts): 24
● Spectrum: Tetrahydrocannabinol Based (''UV B - 285-315nm'')
● Dimensions: 58,5 x 10,15 x 5,10 cm (23'' x 4'' x 2'')
● Coverage area 1 UVB module bloom: 100 x 100 cm (3' x 3')
● Coverage area 2 UVB modules bloom: 120 x 120 cm (4' x 4')
● Coverage area VEG: N/A (The UVB module is only used during the last 2 to 3 weeks of flowering)
How to use ?
- It is important to not have the light too close to the plants and never work in the room when the lights are on; you should never see the light in action (all Method Seven lenses/glasses block UVA, B and C)
- During the last 2 to 3 weeks of flowering; when resin starts to develop (do not use in VEG and first weeks of flowering)
- The light can be left on for the entire 12 hours daily but it will be equally effective for 3-4 hours a day (during the middle of your 12 hour light cycle)
- The SolarSystem UVB light is designed to cover a one meter by one meter canopy area at 60 to 90 centimeters high
- 2 UVB lights per 100 x 100 cm (@ 90cm) and 120 x 120 cm (@ 60 cm) are recommended for optimal resin and potency development
- For a single grow light, a UVB light on each side of the grow light will give the best coverage. In a series of grow lights the UVB light should be placed in between each grow light
When applied incorrectly, research shows UV stress causes photoinhibition of chloroplasts, resulting in lower biomass production, photobleaching and death of leaves.
The SolarSystem UVB features the latest generation high output UVB T8 fluorescent bulb.
This system is perfect for a single light in a tent or several hundred lights in a large commercial operation.
WARNING: EXPOSURE TO UVB LIGHT CAN DAMAGE SKIN OR EYES. TURN LIGHT OFF BEFORE ENTERING THE ROOM – FOR USE ON PLANTS ONLY.
CAUTION: RISK OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK. USE IN DRY LOCATIONS. NOT TO BE USED ON A DIMMER CIRCUIT. USE ONLY SOLARSYSTEM T5 UVB BULB.
UVB light enhances plant growth, improves essential oils and aromas as well as chemical profiles. For use as a supplemental light along with other primary grow lights. Use caution not to expose eyes or skin to UVB light.
For a single grow light, a UVB light on each side of the grow light will give the best coverage (for ''resin'' increase up to 30%). In a series of grow lights the UVB light should be placed in between each grow light.
● Input voltage: 120V AC
● Maximum current: 0.2A@ 120V
● 32-107℉ (0-40℃)
● Weight: 0.9 kg (2 Lbs)
● Warranty: 5 years
What Effect Does UV Light have on Plants?
Though overexposure to UV light is dangerous for the flora, small amounts of near-UV light can have beneficial effects. In many cases, UV light is a very important contributor for plant colors, tastes and aromas. This is an indication of near-UV light effect on metabolic processes. Studies show that 385 nm UV light promotes the accumulation of phenolic compounds, enhances antioxidant activity of plant extracts, but does not have any significant effect on growth processes. UVB has also been demonstrated to elevate THC levels in Cannabis.
When it comes to choosing a light for growing cannabis, there are many factors to consider, like spectrum, lumens, PPFD, CRI, CCT, and more! Don’t know what those terms mean? We’ve already covered the basics of horticultural lighting, so read that first if you haven’t already. In our education section, we’ve been detailing the effects of different wavelengths of light on plant growth and development. This series has covered all the colors of light, including violet, blue, green, yellow, orange, red, and far-red light! One “color” that we don’t often think about is ultraviolet (UV) light.
UV light is radiation with wavelengths between 100 nm and 400 nm and it’s not visible to the human eye. UV light makes up about 10% of the total light output of the sun and is divided into several subtypes. The three subtypes that this article will focus on are UV-A (315 – 400 nm), UV-B (280 – 315 nm), and UV-C (100 – 280 nm). UV radiation affects many aspects of plant growth, including the development of defense compounds and structures, prevention of insect and fungal attack, and DNA damage.
UV Light and DNA Damage
Plants sense UV light through specific UV photoreceptors called UV Resistance Locus 8 (UVR8). It’s important for a plant to be able to sense UV wavelengths because they can cause damage to DNA. UV-C light is especially damaging and can alter DNA methylation patterns. Upon sensing UV light, UVR8 photoreceptors send signals to other parts of the plant that causes changes in growth and development. What kinds of changes? The plant will begin to make DNA repair enzymes (to fix damaged DNA) and “sunscreen” (to prevent more damage). Together, these protective mechanisms prevent further damage to plant cells.
Figure 1: UV light (especially UV-C light) can cause irreversible damage to plant DNA. Plants can prevent damage from UV light by making physical and chemical "sunscreens"
UV Light and Plant “Sunscreen”
Plants can produce many different types of “sunscreens”. Some of these sunscreens are physical, like trichomes, and some of them are chemical, like anthocyanins and beta-carotene. Trichomes are hair-like outgrowths found on the epidermis (skin) of many species of plants. Trichomes are reflective and can shield the plant from harmful UV rays. For this reason, UV radiation can increase the trichome density. Since THC is produced and stored in cannabis trichomes, UV light also increases THC content. If you want to learn more, we have a whole article dedicated to trichomes. Growers can use this response to their advantage by providing cannabis plants with small amounts of UV light to encourage their plants to grow more and larger trichomes.
The second type of “sunscreen” is chemical sunscreen. UV-A light increases anthocyanin content while UV-B light increases the amount of lycopene, beta-carotene, glycosides, and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives. While these sciency-sounding chemicals can act as sunscreens, they also play other roles. For example, anthocyanins give many plants a red-purple-blue color (think of blueberries and raspberries). Beta-carotene gives plants an orange color (think of carrots and yams). And many glycosides are responsible for giving our foods flavor and smell (think of wine!) Growers can capitalize on these plant responses to make vegetables look, smell, and taste better. For example, applying UV-A light to tomato fruits enhances the smell, acidity, and overall flavor of the ripe tomatoes!
UV Light Prevents Insect Herbivory
We mentioned above that UV light can increase the production of plant compounds like glycosides, which can make a plant smell and taste better. While many glycosides taste delicious to us humans, they can be toxic to some insects. Plants with increased levels of these toxic compounds are less likely to get eaten by bugs! For example, when broccoli is grown with UV radiation, it produces more glucosinolates and other metabolites that deter insects. As a result, these UV-broccoli plants had fewer aphids on them compared to control plants (with no UV light given). We see a similar effect in other plant-insect relationships. Soybean is an important legume crop that is often attacked by two types of stink bug. UV-B light increases glycoside production in soybean and as a result, there is less damage to the seeds (the part that we eat). In tobacco plants, UV-B light increases phenolic acid concentration which improves the plant’s defense against the tobacco hornworm moth. Thus, the use of UV-B light in outdoor cultivation facilities has a strong potential for improving crop yields by reducing insect damage.
Figure 2: Stink bugs are a particularly annoying predator of soybean plants. Not only do they eat the leaves, but they let out a stinky smell if you touch them!
UV Light Reduces Fungal Growth
UV light can alter the DNA of all organisms – plants, humans, animals, and even fungi. Organisms exposed to UV light on a regular basis develop mechanisms for preventing and treating DNA damage, such as “sunscreens” and DNA repair enzymes. Some fungal pathogens have reduced or lost activity of these DNA repair enzymes. Upon exposure to UV light, some fungal pathogens will accumulate so much DNA damage that they are incapable of reproducing and spreading. As growers, we can use this to our advantage, as plants are often the victims of fungal attack! For example, treating rose plants with a couple of hours of UV-B light reduces powdery mildew (PM) infection by up to 90%! Researchers found that UV light prevented PM spores from germinating and surviving. And it’s not just in roses: UV-B light also reduces the severity of PM in both strawberry and rosemary – by up to 99% compared to untreated controls! UV-B light is effective against other types of fungal pathogens, such as Botrytis (Grey Mould), which commonly affects cannabis plants. UV light, particularly UV-B light can cause DNA damage to many organisms, including fungi. As growers, we can use UV-B light to our advantage to reduce the spread and severity of fungal invasions on cannabis plants.
Figure 3: Powdery mildew can reduce cannabis yields by attacking leaves. Fortunately, UV-B light is an effective method for preventing the spread of spores
UV light affects plant growth and development in many ways. Because UV light has a strong potential for damaging DNA, plants can defend themselves via physical and chemical “sunscreens”. These “sunscreens” include trichomes, anthocyanin, lycopene, beta-carotene, and glycosides. Many of these “sunscreens” also happen to be beneficial traits for cannabis plants, and growers can use this to their advantage to improve the quality of their product. Trichomes and glycosides also happened to be deterrents for herbivores like aphids. Thus, UV radiation may also be effective for preventing and controlling insect populations in a grow facility. Lastly, there is strong evidence that UV light prevents the spread and severity of fungal spores. Fungi and moulds can reduce cannabis yields by attacking roots, leaves, and flowers. In grow rooms with high humidity, UV light might be one solution for controlling the spread of spores.
|Heat Output - BTU||No|
|Light Output PPF||No|
|Power Consumption||0 - 200W|